Jordan University of Science and Technology
Symptom management strategies of Jordanian patients following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery
Al-Daakak ZM, Ammouri AA, Isac C, Gharaibeh H, Al-Zaru I.
The aim of this study was to explore the symptom management strategies utilized by post coronary artery bypass graft
(CABG) patients and its associations with demographic variables. A clear understanding of the use of symptom management
strategies following CABG surgery may help nurses in developing educational program and interventions that help patients
and their families during recovery period after discharge. A cross-sectional, descriptive design was utilized. A convenience
sample of 100 Jordanian patients post CABG surgery selected from five hospitals was surveyed between November 2012
and June 2013 using the Cardiac Symptom Survey. Chi squared analyses were used to examine the associations between
the symptoms management strategies and selected demographic variables. Frequency of symptom management strategies utilized
by post CABG patients revealed that most frequently employed strategies were use of medications (79%), repositioning
(54%) and the rest (45%). Symptom management strategies utilized for poor appetite, sleeping problem and fatigue had significant
associations with demographic variables. By providing information about the symptoms expected after surgery and
possible ways to manage them, will strengthen the patients psychologically and will make CABG experience within the realm
of self-management and coping.