Jordan University of Science and Technology
Breast Milk Collection and Storage in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Nurses? Knowledge, Practice, and Perceived Barriers
Huda Falah Gharaibeh, RN, PhD;
Nihaya Al-sheyab, PhD, MsN, RN;
Shefa Yousef Malkawi, RN, MSN
Background: Temporary storage of human milk under
appropriate conditions encourages prolonged breastfeeding.
Purpose: This study aimed to assess neonatal nurses?
knowledge and practice, as well as barriers, related to
breast milk collection and storage and to investigate the
association between nurses? knowledge and practice and
Method: A cross-sectional design was used. Consecutive
samplings of 75 nurses were recruited. The questions
were based on a literature review of guidelines for collecting
and storing breast milk from various sources, such
as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine.
Results: Nurses? knowledge and practice of breast
milk collection and storage were adequate in general, but
inadequate in relation to issues such as discarding breast
milk, the thawing process, and storage temperatures.
Poor practices related to absence of required equipment
and unit policy. Barriers were increased workload, inappropriate
milk room (i.e., a small room with uncomfortable
chairs and no privacy), inactive policy, and inadequate
Conclusion: Nurses should be orientated to the guidelines
and a unit policy to enhance evidence-based practice.