Jordan University of Science and Technology

Clinical Burdens of Thalassemia Major in Affected Children

Authors:  Huda Gharaibeh;
Moussa Barqawi;
Khetam Al-Awamreh;
Mohammed Al Bashtawy;

Abstract BACKGROUND: ?-thalassemia major (BTM) is an inherited blood disorder leading to severe anemia. A better understanding of BTM complications can be considered an important factor in developing effective health care provision. METHOD: A descriptive exploratory design was used to identify the clinical burden of BTM from affected children's perspective. A convenience sample of 45 patients with BTM, accompanied by a family member, was recruited from a governmental hospital during April-May 2015. RESULTS: The most reported clinical burden was facial deformity 86.9%, followed by systematic infection (48.8%), growth delay (44.4%), and liver problems (39.9%). Patient age was significantly associated with clinical burdens such as bone pain and facial deformity. The number of blood transfusions received was associated with growth delay and bone pain. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the clinical burdens of thalassemia on affected children, in terms of physical appearance, growth delay and other burdens.