Jordan University of Science and Technology

Assessment of mental health stigma components of mental health knowledge, attitudes and behaviors among jordanian healthcare providers

Authors:  Dalky, Heyam F and Abu-Hassan, Hana H and Dalky, Alaa Fawwaz and Al-Delaimy, Wael

Health care providers (HCPs)? stigma perception can determine their behaviors and attitudes toward providing mental health services. This study aimed to assess stigma components of knowledge, attitude, and behavior among HCPs in Jordan. A cross sectional descriptive study using a convenience sample of 541 HCPs utilized. The Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS), the Mental Illness: Clinicians? Attitudes Scale (MICA) and the Reported and Intended Behavior Scale (RIBS) were used to evaluate HCPs? perceived stigma. Mean scores on RIBS were lowest and at mid-point for MAKS and MICA. Results revealed significantly that HCPs perceived stigma demonstrated in greater negative attitudes correlated with less knowledge (r?=?.18, .17; p?=?.01, .009) for both physicians and nurses. And between attitudes and reported intended behavior (r?=?.13, p?=?.025) among nurses. This make them less likely to deal with mental health problems in primary healthcare centers. The reported stigma in this context is possibly due to lack of training, inadequate experience, and cultural dynamics. Indeed, awareness programs are important to prepare those HCPs to provide mental health care in these settings shall they are asked to.