Jordan University of Science and Technology

Modification of alpha-lactose monohydrate as a direct compression excipient using roller compaction

Authors:  Deeb Abu Fara, Iyad Rashid, Khouloud Alkhamis, Mahmoud Al-Omar, B Z Chowdry, Adnan Badwan

Roller compaction was used to prepare a direct-compressed lactose excipient using crystalline ?-lactose monohydrate. The effect of various roller compaction process parameters (compaction pressure, compaction repetition, and speed ratio) on the characteristics of compacted ?-lactose monohydrate was investigated. Results were compared with data obtained using industrial spray-dried lactose and lactose samples with different degrees of crystallinity. XRPD analysis revealed that roller compaction reduced the crystallinity of ?-lactose monohydrate, and the resulting material is similar to spray-dried lactose in behavior as a direct compression excipient. Roller compaction introduced desirable characteristics to the raw ?-lactose monohydrate by inducing changes in crystallinity and particle morphology. Scanning electron microscopy results indicated that the compaction process converted some of the original torpedo-shaped crystals of ?-lactose monohydrate into a more cylindrical shape with rounded edges. Compaction pressure and repetition of compaction have a significant effect on the modification of the crystallinity of the processed, raw ?-lactose monohydrate.